at Peking University School of Pharmaceutical Sciences
​​​​the dong research group
15. Functional Characterization and Crystal Structure of the Bifunctional Thioesterase Catalyzing Epimerization and Cyclization in Skyllamycin Biosynthesis
ACS Catal. 2021, 11, 18, 11733–11741
Jiahui Yu, Juan Song, Changbiao Chi, Tan Liu, Tongtong Geng, Zonghui Cai, Weidong Dong, Cheng Shi, Xueyang Ma, Zhongyi Zhang, Xiaojie Ma, Baiying Xing, Hongwei Jin, Liangren Zhang, Suwei Dong, Donghui Yang, and Ming Ma*

The d-amino acid residues are hallmark building blocks of nonribosomal peptides. Here, we report the bifunctional thioesterase domain (TE domain) Skyxy-TE that catalyzes both epimerization and cyclization in skyllamycin biosynthesis. Skyxy-TE specifically catalyzes the epimerization of the C-terminal l-amino acid residue of the linear substrate, then catalyzes regioselective intramolecular cyclization. The crystal structure of Skyxy-TE was solved at 2.25 Å and site-directed mutagenesis was performed, revealing key residues involved in the epimerization and cyclization. This study expands the understanding of the versatile TE domains and facilitates chemoenzymatic synthesis or combinatorial biosynthesis in the future.